Native Plant Species on the Mission Reach

Herbaceous:

Over 60 species of native grasses and wildflowers will be installed as part of the Mission Reach project. The species were selected based on their historic occurrence in the area as well as their compatibility with various site conditions. Some plant species are small and won't grow more than about six inches in height, whereas other plants may grow taller than eight feet. You will typically see the greatest amount of wildflower coverage in the spring, but there are a number of plants that will flower during summer, fall and even winter in some years. Grasses will generally be more apparent in late summer and fall when seed heads of many of the species will be visible. Of course, climate conditions will greatly affect the restoration plantings in positive or negative ways, and the vegetation will likely look different from month to month and from year to year. The continual changing of plant colors, sizes and shapes to occur in the restoration plantings will be interesting to watch over time.

Photos: Sally & Andy Wasowski, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Click on the pictures for more information

Texas bluebonet (Lupinus texensis)Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)Tall goldenrod (Solidago canadensis)
Sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula)Golden wave (Coreopsis basilis)Lindheimer muhly (Muhlenbergia lindheimeri)Pink evening primrose (Oenothera speciosa)
Lemon mint (Monarda citridora)Bushy bluestem (Andropogon glomeratus)Mealy blue sage (Salvia farinacea)Partridge pea (Cassia fasciculata)
Little bluestem (Schizachyriom scopariom)Engelmann’s daisy (Engelmannia peristenia)White prickly poppy (Argemone polyanthemos)Gayfeather (Liatris mucronata)
Hairy grama (Bouteloua hirsuta)Indian blanket (Gaillardia pulchella)Indian grass (Sorghastrum nutans)Inland sea oats (Chasmanthium latifolium)
Prairie verbena (Verbena bipinnatifida)Zexmenia (Zexmenia hispida)Eastern gamagrass (Tripsacum dactyloides)Scarlet sage (Salvia coccinea)

Woody:

The main goal for restoration of vegetation in the Mission Reach project is to restore a native riparian woodland plant community throughout the project area. Some parts of the project will be planted very densely with trees and shrubs, whereas other parts of the project will be planted sparsely or not at all with these plants. This planting approach will result in a diversity of habitat types that will not negatively compromise flood water conveyance. Over 30 species of native trees and shrubs will be installed as part of the project. The species were selected based on their historic occurrence in the area as well as their compatibility with various site conditions. These trees and shrubs will be installed as seedlings/saplings and will be relatively small. Some tree and shrub species will grow quickly while others will grow very slowly. Some of these species may not be readily visible for a few years due to the larger size of surrounding grasses and wildflowers. Many of the tree and shrub species have interesting and attractive flowers, berries, seeds and leaves that will vary through the seasons and between years. Local climate conditions will play a large role in how these plants will look and change through time.

Photos: Sally & Andy Wasowski, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Click on the pictures for more information

Sugar hackberry (Celtis laevigata)Black walnut (Juglans nigra)Possomhaw (Ilex decidua)Agarita (Mahonia trifoliolata)
Pecan (Carya illinoinensis)Huisache (Acacia farnesiana)Eve’s necklace (Styphnolobium affine)Western soapberry (Sapindus saponaria)
Texas lantana (Lantana urticoides)Texas redbud (Cercis canadensis)Red mulberry (Morus rubra)Texas kidneywood (Eysenhardtia texana)
Guajillo (Acacia berlandieri)Bald cypress (Taxodium distichum)Brazilwood (Condalia hookeri)Texas persimmon (Diospyros texana)
Common elderberry (Sambucus nigra)Blackbrush acacia (Acacia rigidula)Hop tree (Ptelea trifoliata)Honey mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa)
Escarpment live oak (Quercus fusiformis)Anacua (Ehretia anacua)Retama (Parkinsonia aculeata)Dwarf palmeto (Sabal minor)
Chile pequin (Capsicum annuum)